Family: River Red Gum
River Red Gum is amongst the most widely-distributed native trees in southern Australia. It lives in river gullies, along stream banks, and in flood plains. With human intervention, you now will see E. camaldulensis in many well-drained sites, in the middle of paddocks and parks. Seemingly, if some water is available and grazing pressures are appropriate, E. camaldulensis will survive growing in these sites that are not ideal.
E. camaldulensis will grow to a broad-spreading tree at least 15 metres tall. Since it is so widespread, there are many different forms and ecotypes available; some of these ecotypes will grow to 50 metres tall under ideal conditions. Most E. camaldulensis will grow with dramatically-striped bark patches, showing pale grey, charcoal and occasionally, pink patches. The foliage is relatively short and narrow, and the numerous buds and fruits are also quite small.
In urban horticulture, E. camaldulensis must be used carefully if the planting is to succeed. River Red Gum should not be planted in sites where drought and compaction are common, but instead will thrive in wet, occasionally waterlogged areas. E. camaldulensis is most appropriately planted in parks and reserves, where the eventual size of the tree is an advantage, rather than a difficulty.
Typical mature height: 15m+
Useful in: parks, reserves, broad avenues
Sites for best growth: clay soils, available water